Historical Significance Located on the upper James River, the first owner of Howard's Neck Plantation patented 732 acres of land in 1714. The focal point of the plantation is the mansion of a later owner, a Richmond milling industry leader, Edward…

Historical Significance The Hairston family was one of the largest slave owning families in colonial and pre-Civil War Virginia. Starting in 1730, when Peter Hairston and his four sons arrived from Scotland, the Hairstons amassed a vast tobacco…

Historical Significance Perhaps none of the founders better exemplified the paradox of American liberty and American slavery than did George Mason, who lived at Gunston Hall from 1759 until his death in 1792. The author of the first state bill of…

Historical Significance Green Spring Plantation was the home of Virginia Governor William Berkeley and ancestral home of the Ludwells and Lees. This historic plantation houses exhibits depicting the lives of the Africans and African American men,…

Historical Significance The Gilmore cabin was built in 1873 by George Gilmore, an emancipated African American who had been enslaved on the Montpelier estate, the home of President James Madison. The cabin stands on land that once belonged to Dr.…

Historical Significance The Fairfield Foundation is conducting a long-term archaeological study of the Burwell plantation in Gloucester County, Virginia. Fairfield, or Carter's Creek Farm, as it was often known, was the ancestral plantation of the…

Historical Significance Eppington was built circa 1770 by Francis Eppes VI, Thomas Jefferson's brother-in-law and cousin to Martha Jefferson. Eppes married Martha's sister Elizabeth Wayles. The two families, Jefferson and Eppes, were close; when…

Historical Significance Nat Turner's slave rebellion began at Courtland. The militia suppressed slaves after 60 whites were killed. See entry for Belmont Plantation. Physical Description This is a private home with a public marker describing the…

Historical Significance Chippokes Plantation, one of the oldest continuously farmed plantations in the country, has retained its original boundaries since it was established in 1619. A 1400-acre farm located opposite Jamestown Island, Chippokes…

Historical Significance The Bremo Historic District includes the three estates created by General John Hartwell Cocke, a leading opponent of slavery. The focal point of the district is Upper Bremo, the Palladian-style mansion completed in 1820 as…